Saturday, 26 September 2015

Different Branches of Science weh you fit study. Science disciplines.

             Science Disciplines and Sub-Disciplines                       Also see video below.                


Anatomy - The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.

Immunology - The branch of biomedicine that is concerned with the structure and function of the immune system, innate and acquired immunity, and laboratory techniques involving the interaction of antigens with antibodies. The branch of medicine and biology concerned with immunity.

Astrobiology - The study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe: extraterrestrial life and life on Earth. The branch of biology concerned with the study of life on earth and in space.

Marine biology - The scientific study of organisms living in or dependent on the oceans.

Biochemistry - The branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.

Microbiology - The study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, mycology, parasitology, and bacteriology.

Bioinformatics - The science of collecting and analyzing complex biological data such as genetic codes. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines computer science, statistics, mathematics, and engineering to analyze and interpret biological data.

Molecular Biology - The branch of science concerning biological activity at the molecular level. The branch of biology that deals with the formation, structure, and function of macromolecules essential to life, such as nucleic acids and proteins, including their roles in cell replication and the transmission of genetic information.

Biophysics - The science of the application of the laws of physics to biological phenomena. is an interdisciplinary science using methods of, and theories from, physics to study biological systems.

Morphology - The branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

Botany - The scientific study of plants, including their physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification, and economic importance. By this definition plants include: algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, conifers and flowering plants.

Neuroscience - Any or all of the sciences, such as neurochemistry and experimental psychology, which deal with the structure or function of the nervous system and brain. The scientific study of the nervous system.

Cell biology - Cell biology (formerly cytology) is a branch of biology that studies cells – their physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division, death and cell function.

Physical anthropology - Biological anthropology, also known as physical anthropology, is a scientific discipline concerned with the biological and behavioral aspects of human beings, their related non-human primates and their extinct hominin ancestors.

Developmental biology - is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on the development, growth, differentiation and regeneration of multicellular organisms, including molecular, cellular, tissue, organ and whole organism research.

Physiology - The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts. The way in which a living organism or bodily part functions.

Ecology - The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.

Population dynamics - The branch of life sciences that studies short-term and long-term changes in the size and age composition of populations, and the biological and environmental processes influencing those changes.

Entomology - The scientific study of insects, it's a branch of zoology.

Structural biology - The branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules, especially proteins and nucleic acids, how they acquire the structures they have, and how alterations in their structures affect their function.

Epidemiology - The science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is the cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare

Taxonomy - The branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics.

Evolution (Evolutionary biology) - The subfield of biology concerned with the study of the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth. Someone who studies evolutionary biology is known as an evolutionary biologist. Evolutionary biologists study the descent of species, and the origin of new species.

Toxicology - The branch of biology, chemistry, and medicine (more specifically pharmacology) concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.

Freshwater Biology - The scientific biological study of freshwater ecosystems and is a branch of limnology. It seeks to understand the relationships between living organisms in freshwater and their physical and chemical environment. The discipline is also widely used in a number of industrial processes such as sewage treatment, water purification.

Virology - The study of viruses – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat – and virus-like agents.

Genetics - The study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms. It is generally considered a field of biology, but it intersects frequently with many of the life sciences and is strongly linked with the study of information systems.

Zoology - Or animal biology, is the branch of biology that relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.


Analytical chemistry - The study of the separation, identification, and quantification of the chemical components of natural and artificial materials.

Polymer chemistry - A multidisciplinary science that deals with the chemical synthesis and chemical properties of polymers which were considered by Hermann Staudinger as macromolecules. According to IUPAC recommendations, macromolecules refer to the individual molecular chains and are the domain of chemistry.

Biochemistry - Sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. By controlling information flow through biochemical signaling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life.

Physical chemistry - The branch of chemistry concerned with the application of the techniques and theories of physics to the study of chemical systems.

Computational chemistry - The branch of chemistry that uses computer simulation to assist in solving chemical problems. It uses methods of theoretical chemistry, incorporated into efficient computer programs, to calculate the structures and properties of molecules and solids.

Quantum chemistry - The branch of chemistry whose primary focus is the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and experiments of chemical systems. It is also called molecular quantum mechanics.

Electrochemistry - The study of electricity and how it relates to chemical reactions. In electrochemistry, electricity can be generated by movements of electrons from one element to another in a reaction known as redox reaction, or oxidation-reduction reaction.

Spectroscopy - The study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. Historically, spectroscopy originated through the study of visible light dispersed according to its wavelength, by a prism.

Inorganic chemistry - Deals with the synthesis and behavior of inorganic and organometallic compounds. This field covers all chemical compounds except the myriad organic compounds (carbon based compounds, usually containing C-H bonds), which are the subjects of organic chemistry.

Stereochemistry - A subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation. An important branch of stereochemistry is the study of chiral molecules.

Materials science - Also commonly known as materials science and engineering, is an interdisciplinary field which deals with the discovery and design of new materials, with an emphasis on solids.

Thermochemistry - The study of the energy and heat associated with chemical reactions and/or physical transformations. A reaction may release or absorb energy, and a phase change may do the same, such as in melting and boiling.

Organic chemistry - A chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.


Acoustics - The interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound.

Astrodynamics - The term used to describe the application of Newtonian mechanics to man-made objects in space, such as rockets and spacecraft.

Materials physics - The use of physics to describe materials in many different ways such as force, heat, light and mechanics. It is a synthesis of physical sciences such as chemistry, solid mechanics, solid state physics, and materials science.

Astronomy - A natural science which is the study of celestial objects (such as stars, galaxies, planets, moons, asteroids, comets and nebulae), the physics, chemistry, and evolution of such objects, and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth, including supernovae explosions, gamma ray bursts, and cosmic microwave background radiation. 

Mechanics - An area of science concerned with the behavior of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effects of the bodies on their environment.

Astrophysics - The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of stars and other celestial bodies, and the application of the laws and theories of physics to the interpretation of astronomical observations.

Nuclear physics - The physics of atomic nuclei and their interactions, especially in the generation of nuclear energy.

Biophysics - The study of living things using the techniques of physics.

Optics - The scientific study of sight and the behavior of light, or the properties of transmission and deflection of other forms of radiation.

Classical mechanics - The study of the motion of bodies (including the special case in which bodies remain at rest) in accordance with the general principles first enunciated by Sir Isaac Newton in his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687), commonly known as the Principia.

Particle physics - The branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter (particles with mass) and radiation (massless particles).

Computational physics - The study and implementation of numerical analysis to solve problems in physics for which a quantitative theory already exists. Historically, computational physics was the first application of modern computers in science, and is now a subset of computational science.

Plasma physics - The branch of physics that deals with plasmas and their interactions with electric and magnetic fields.

Condensed matter physics - The branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter.

Polymer physics - The field of physics that studies polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, as well as the kinetics of reactions involving degradation and polymerisation of polymers and monomers respectively.

Cryogenics - The study of the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.

Quantum mechanics - The branch of mechanics that deals with the mathematical description of the motion and interaction of subatomic particles, incorporating the concepts of quantization of energy, wave-particle duality, the uncertainty principle, and the correspondence principle.

Dynamics - The branch of mechanics concerned with the motion of bodies under the action of forces.

Solid State physics - The study of rigid matter, or solids, through methods such as quantum mechanics, crystallography, electromagnetism, and metallurgy. It is the largest branch of condensed matter physics.

Fluid dynamics - A subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that deals with fluid flow—the natural science of fluids (liquids and gases) in motion. It has several subdisciplines itself, including aerodynamics (the study of air and other gases in motion) and hydrodynamics (the study of liquids in motion).

Thermodynamics - The branch of physical science that deals with the relations between heat and other forms of energy (such as mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy), and, by extension, of the relationships between all forms of energy.

......EARTH SCIENCE.......

Environmental Science - The branch of biology focused on the study of the relationships of the natural world and the relationships between organisms and their environments. An example of environmental science is the study of the natural world and how it relates to recycling and mulching.

Meteorology - The branch of science concerned with the processes and phenomena of the atmosphere, especially as a means of forecasting the weather.

Geodesy - Also known as geodetics or geodetics engineering — a branch of applied mathematics and earth sciences, is the scientific discipline that deals with the measurement and representation of the Earth, including its gravitational field, in a three-dimensional time-varying space.

Oceanography - The scientific study of oceans, the life that inhabits them, and their physical characteristics, including the depth and extent of ocean waters, their movement and chemical makeup, and the topography and composition of the ocean floors. Oceanography also includes ocean exploration. Also called oceanology.

Geography - The study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries.

Paleontology - The branch of science concerned with fossil animals and plants.

Geology - The science that deals with the earth's physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it.

Seismology - The branch of science concerned with earthquakes and related phenomena. It's the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies.

Hydrology - The scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the hydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.


Statistics - The branch of mathematics that deal with the collection, classification, analysis, and interpretation of numerical facts or data.

Algebra - The branch of mathematics that deal with general statement of relations, utilizing letters and other symbols to represent  numbers, values, vectors, e.t.c.

Geometry - The branch of mathematics that deal with points, lines, shapes, and space.

Trigonometry - The study of triangles.

Calculus - An advanced branch of mathematics that deal with 'the rate of change" and finding lenghts, areas, volumes.

Analysis - A branch of mathematics that studies continuous change and includes the theories of differenciation, integration, measure, limits, infinite series, and analytic functions.

3. Different Branches of Science weh you fit study. Science disciplines

4. Different Branches of Science weh you fit study. Science disciplines.......continued

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